Gartner, the world’s leading research and advisory company, identified the top strategic technology trends for the year ahead. These trends refer to the ones with innovative potential that will make a difference in the next years and will change the IT industry as we know it.
The top technology trend highlighted by Gartner refers to “Autonomous Things”. Robots, drones and autonomous vehicles are performing better and better thanks to the “brain” provided by AI. As this technology is improving, with multiple devices working together, either independently of people or with human input, according to David Cearley, vice president, and Gartner Fellow. In 2019 we expect to see a bigger range of autonomous capabilities, autonomous, intelligent and coordinated physical and virtual things.
Another trend is “Augmented Analytics”, understood as the use of machine learning to transform how analytics content is developed, consumed, and shared. According to Gartner, the augmented analytics will advance through mainstream adoption in 2019.
Augmented Analytics will optimize decisions and actions of all employees within their context, not just those of analysts and data scientists. Through 2020, Gartner says the number of citizen data scientists will grow five times faster than the number of expert data scientists.
The Augmented Developer and the Automated Developer is expected to operate alone using predefined models delivered as a service. By 2022, Gartner predicts that 40% of new application development projects will include AI co-developers in the development team.
Digital twins, or digital representations of real-world entities or systems, has been a growing trend due to the explosion of IoT. According to Gartner, in the next two years, there will be more than 20 billion connected sensors and endpoints and digital twins will exist for potentially billions of things. Digital twins will help drive efficiencies in business processes, as well as create more flexible, dynamic and responsive processes that can potentially react to changing conditions automatically.
The fifth trend refers to edge computing and cloud computing as complementary concepts, in which information processing, and content collection and delivery, are placed closer to these endpoints. The empower edge also refers to exploiting advanced capabilities at the edge and communicating to the edge, since the 5G matures.
The sixth trend, Immersive Experience, is all about how humans interact with the digital world. How we perceive the digital world is changing, is all about VR and AR, and how it can help increase productivity. It`s also about how we interact with the digital world – smart speakers, chatbots, and things like this, creating customer service agents and not only. This combined shift will lead to the future immersive user experience.
The blockchain is a distributed ledger has a key value proposition that promises to reduce business friction and technology friction. This technology provides an alternative trust mode and removes the need for central authorities in arbitrating transactions.
“Current blockchain technologies and concepts are immature, poorly understood and unproven in mission-critical, at-scale business operations. This is particularly so with the complex elements that support more sophisticated scenarios. Despite the challenges, the significant potential for disruption means CIOs and IT leaders should begin evaluating blockchain, even if they don’t aggressively adopt the technologies in the next few years”, explains David Cearley.
Smart Spaces is about creating environments, bringing technology and trends together. Advanced digital workplaces, connected factories or smart cities are all included in this trend. In the future, smart spaces will create a more immersive, interactive and automated experience.
Digital Ethics and Privacy
Just because we can do something with AI doesn`t mean that we should. As the world becomes increasingly digital, ethics and privacy is a growing concern for everyone. The ninth trend implies a growing focus on compliance and values in the coming years.
Quantum computing is a type of computer technology based on the principles of quantum theory, which explains the nature and behavior of energy and matter on the quantum (atomic and subatomic) level. The parallel execution and exponential scalability of quantum computers mean they excel with problems too complex for a traditional approach. According to Gartner, quantum computing has the potential to solve problems in chemistry, material science and other areas that are impossible to solve today.
These are the trends for 2019 presented by Gartner, which are considered a key ingredient in driving a continuous innovation process. Read more about their report here.