The fifth generation of wireless technology is closer than we imagine. It was one of the main topics at Internet of Things Solutions World Congress (IoTSWC) that just ended in Barcelona and not only. For Romania, Orange tested 5G this summer near Cluj, in Floresti. Next year Romanian authorities will organize the auction for 5G and till 2025, one-third of the Internet traffic will be supported by it. But what should we expect from the next generation of Wi-Fi technology?
5G stands for the fifth generation of the next wireless mobile standard and it`s expected to bring three major changes. First of all, it will bring greater speed in order to move more data, lower latency that will assure more responsiveness, and the ability to connect a lot more devices at once.
According to an analysis made by GSMA (Groupe Speciale Mobile Association) a couple of years ago, the industry initiatives that have progressed with work on 5G identify a set of eight requirements:
- 1-10Gbps connections to endpoints in the field (i.e. not theoretical maximum)
- 1 millisecond end-to-end round trip delay (latency)
- 1000x bandwidth per unit area
- 10-100x number of connected devices
- (Perception of) 99.999% availability
- (Perception of) 100% coverage
- 90% reduction in network energy usage
- Up to ten-year battery life for low power, machine-type devices
The high speed, low latency and low power that 5G will bring should allow IoT to reach new picks and take on new challenges that were too hard to achieve with 4G. Personal identification tags, infra-red sensors, and high bandwidth video are just a couple of examples of products that will benefit from an explosion in growth thanks to 5G. Although, the leading industrial players don`t expect amazing changes regarding the Industrial IoT. In an interview conducted by IoTSWC, Richard Soley, Executive Director of Industrial Internet Consortium explains why 5G is not about Industrial IoT:
” An amazingly large number of people believe that 5G IS Industrial IoT. It’s not, it’s just an enabling technology — an important one, but one of many. In many IIoT implementations, wireless solutions don’t even appear (in many industrial scenarios, you have systems that don’t move and must operate in an environment with high RF interference, so wireless solutions just don’t figure into it). That said, there are important applications of IIoT (I suspect especially in transportation) that are going to depend on the high throughput and low latency of 5G moving forward”, believes Richard Soley.